Machu Picchu; Ultimate Travel Guide - Sam Corporations

Machu Picchu; Ultimate Travel Guide

Important things to know about Machu Picchu

The spellbinding scenery and perfect stonework of the Lost City of the Incas have fascinated historians, architects and tourists alike since the ruins were uncovered from the jungle over a century ago. To make the most of this unforgettable place, use our expert guide to Machu Picchuu to plan your trip.

Machu Picchu is perhaps the most sought-after destination in South America and an unforgettable experience. Part of the wonder of the site is the mystery that surrounds it. The ruins were first discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, a young Yale archaeologist who inspired the character of Indiana Jones.

Historians can only speculate on the site’s original use, but most agree it was probably constructed around the time of Inca ruler Pachacútec in the mid-15th century, and perhaps served as a royal winter retreat from the Cusco cold. Its lack of military significance is probably why it was left untouched by the Spanish conquistadors and lay undiscovered for centuries.

Many photographers say that it’s impossible to take a bad photo of MachuPicchu, such is the magnificent panorama of the Inca buildings and horn-shaped, forested peak of Huayna Picchu. All the more reason to avoid a rushed day trip from Cusco and make the most of your time.
Machu Picchu, Peru. UNESCO World Heritage Site. One of the New Seven Wonders of the World

Where is Machu Picchu?

All international flights land in Lima. From Lima you need to make your way to Cusco, the city of Cusco is the only way to access Machu Picchu. You can either fly directly to Cusco or try travel via road. There are many great spots and activities worth doing between the two cities. If you book with Sam Corporations, you can make stops along the way, explore unique parts of the country before visiting the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu. Another advantage to taking the scenic route, is that you give your body the opportunity to slowly adjust and acclimate to the altitude. Cusco city is at an overwhelming 3 400m/11 152ft above sea level and you are very likely to suffer from altitude sickness, if you increase elevation levels rapidly. So, it’s always a good idea to allow for a gradual increase in altitude. On the other hand, Machu Picchu is at a lower elevation, at 2430m/7 972ft. If you spend some time in Cusco, you lessen the chances of suffering from altitude at such a momentous point in your life.

There are a number of ways to visit this 7th Wonder of the World from Cusco. You can book any multi-day alternative trek to Machu Picchu, like Lares Trek or Salkantay Trek. These treks are great if you want to experience, authentic Andean culture, visit secluded indigenous villages and experience stunning landscapes with breathtaking glacial lakes and snow-capped mountain peaks. The most popular option is joining the Classic Inca Trail. This the trail that was used by the Ancient Incas more than 600 years ago. You get to follow in the footsteps of the Incas, explore many archeological sites along the trail and get a unique vintage point of the Citadel from the Sun Gate. This vintage point is only possible if you do the Inca trail. For those that not a fan of camping or multi-day treks, you can simply book a 1-day tour. Which takes you to Machu Picchu by taking a train to Aguas Calientes, followed by a short bus ride.

What is the best time to visit Machu Picchu?

Consider visiting Machu Picchu from April through May and from September through October.
The busiest time to visit Machu Picchu is from late June to the end of August. This is the driest, sunniest period coinciding with the busy school holidays. The rainy season peaks from January to March but the region can be rainy and misty at any time. The best times to visit are usually late April to mid-June, and September-October, just outside the rainy season but avoiding the summer rush. The subtropical climate at 2,400 m is generally comfortable though.

There is a certain amount of luck regarding how long you wait in line to enter the site. It’s often very busy at 6 am when visitors rush to enter the site for sunrise, then slows down an hour or 2 later. Lines usually peak again at 11 am to noon when the day trippers arrive from Cusco and quietens down again by 2 pm.

How to get Machu Picchu tickets?

Most importantly:  You need to purchase your tickets in advance. Don’t even consider trying to purchase tickets the day of your visit to Machu Picchu at the gate. Most travel agencies typically recommend that you plan your trip at least six months in advance. However, in some cases, the Classic Inca Traill hike that concludes at Machu Picchu fills up almost a year out, especially during high season. If you’re lucky, it may be possible to get your ticket weeks or even days ahead of time during low season. Moreover, to avoid disappointment and to ensure you enter the site on your desired day, it’s best to plan as far ahead as possible. In addition, if you want to add any hikes with limited availability, such as Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu Mountain, booking early is essential.

Firstly, to book your tickets you need to check availability. You can check on the government website www.machupicchu.gob.pe or at samtravelperu.com, whose calendar is directly linked to the government website, so all availability is in live time. Then you have to choose from the 5 circuits (see below for more info) on offer. After, select your travel dates, enter your personal information and make payment. Once everything goes through, you will receive confirmation via email. It is important to be aware that most foreign cards do not work on the government website for some reason. Never assume availability, a large number of tickets can sell out ion a matter of minutes. The Peruvian government had put a lot of regulations to ensure the preservation of this archeological site, including the amount of people that can visit on a given day. The current daily capacity stands at 3234 for Citadel alone, 800 for Machu Picchu Mountain and 400 for narrower Huayna Picchu mountain. The Classic Inca Trail only releases 500 permits per day, these permits also include assisting personal like guides and porters, which makes only around 200 permits available to tourists per day. Machu Picchu tickets are available all year round, however the Inca Trail is closed in February for maintenance.

If you do not want to navigate through this complicated system, then contact us SAM CORPORATIONS with your requirements and we will deal with all the details. We will simply send you confirmation once everything is booked and confirmed.

Machu Picchu Circuits

If you are planning to visit in the morning, then circuit#1 will be perfect and if you are planning to visit in the afternoon, then circuit#2 is the better option.

I.- Entrance schedule ONLY for MachuPicchu.

With this ticket you can tour and explore ONLY Machu Picchu Inca city.

1st. Schedule: Entrance to Machu Picchu from 6 am Entrance to Machu Picchu from 7 am Entrance to Machu Picchu from 8 am
2nd. Schedule: Entrance to Machu Picchu from 9 am Entrance to Machu Picchu from 10 am Entrance to Machu Picchu from 11 am
3rd. Schedule: Entrance to Machu Picchu from 12 pm Entrance to Machu Picchu from 1 pm Entrance to Machu Picchu from 2 pm

The visitor can stay in Machu Picchu up to 4 hours after admission.

For the first schedules, you need to book way in advance, at least 2 or 3 months.

You are NOT allowed exit and re-entry during your visit

**** The hike up to the Sun Gate & Inka Bridge are no longer permitted, click the link for more information.

II.- Schedules to enter Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu

With this ticket you can enter the Inca City of Machu Picchu and also ascend to the Huayna Picchu mountain.

Group 1 Entrance to MachuPicchu from 6 am Entrance to Huayna Picchu between 7 am – 8 am
Group 2 Entrance to MachuPicchu from 7 am Entrance to Huayna Picchu between 8 am – 9 am
Group 3 Entrance to Machu Picchu from 8 am Entrance to Huayna Picchu between 9 am – 10 am
Group 4 Entrance to Machu Picchu from 9 am Entrance to Huayna Picchu between 10 am– 11 am

*** You will follow the circuit #4 when doing Huayna Picchu mt.

III.- Schedules to enter Ticket Machu Picchu + Mountain

With this entrance you can enter the Inca City and also ascend to the Machu Picchu Mountain.

1st. Group Entrance to Machu Picchu from 6 am Entrance to the Mountain between 7 am – 8 am
2nd. Group Entrance to Machu Picchu from 7 am Entrance to the Moauntain between 8 am – 9 am

*** You will follow the circuit #4 or circuit #3 when doing Machu Picchu mt.

What to bring to Machu Picchu?

  • Your ORIGINAL passport! You cannot enter without it!
  • Your ticket to Machu Picchu and Machu Picchu / Huayna Picchu Mountain; has to be bought in advance.
  • Some money for the passport stamp, bathroom breaks at public rest rooms and for souvenirs you may want to buy, as well as dinner or lunch at the restaurant
  • A camera – no selfie sticks allowed
  • Good walking shoes
  • Water and toilet paper
  • A lunchbox and some snacks
  • Sunscreen and/or small foldable umbrella depending on the weather
  • Insect Repellent

Do I need a licensed guide for Machu Picchu?

You will not be allowed to enter Machu Picchu without a licensed guide — the staff are trained to vet all people entering into this sight. There are many licensed guides walking around offering their services near the entrance gate, so you can hire one on the spot. However, we cannot the guarantee the type of service you will receive. We suggest you select a reputable company that will provide a Bilingual guide that is knowledgeable about Inca Culture and history and is also up to date on all the new accepted theories about Machu Picchu.

Extra Hikes at Machu Picchu?

Once inside the citadel, you have the option to climb either Huayna Picchuu (the famous peak seen in pictures of the citadel) or Machu Picchu Mountainn. Tickets for these additional treks need to be booked separately and in advance. We recommend checking with the tour operator you use for your main trek.

Huayna Picchu Mt

  • The highest peaked mountain of Machu Picchu
  • There are Inca structures at the top
  • Reaches an altitude of 2,720m
  • 50-minute hike to the top of the mountain
  • Difficult hike – a good level of fitness is required
  • $75 USD per person

Machu Picchu Mountain (Montaña Machu Picchu)

  • Located on the southwest end of Machu Picchu.
  • A longer trek than Huayna Picchu- around 1 hour 30 to the summit
  • Less steep and less crowded than the alternative
  • Offers great views over Machu Picchu and surrounding area
  • $75 USD per person

Safety Tips

  • Tour operators need two certificates, one from the city and one from the tourist board. Make sure they have one of each hanging in their office
  • Like all touristic sites in the world, keep an eye out on your valuables. For safety carry backpack in front of you. Cameras and cell phones are what are what thieves are looking for. Protect them.
  • Wear long pants instead of shorts. The mosquitos, so close to the jungle are merciless
  • Use strong insect repellent and use plenty of sunscreen, you are at very high altitudes and the sun´s UV rays are very strong in the thin atmosphere.
  • Choose a reputable tour operator for your tour, if it looks to good to be true, it probably is
  • You cannot buy tickets on arrival at Machu Picchu, you have to arrive with a pre-purchased ticket
  • You cannot enter the Citadel without a guide, research and choose a good guide so you can learn as much as possible and have an unforgettable experience.
  • There are no bathrooms inside the Citadel, before entering Machu Picchu, use the restroom outside. You cannot re-enter with same ticket once you exit. The ticket is one entry only 

Machu Picchu Highlights

Temple of The Three Windows

It is an imposing site at 10 meters long and 4 meters wide. Its construction is immaculate, proving the value and importance placed on it by the Incas. It’s located at the Sacred Plaza in the Main Urban Section of Machu Picchu. It once had five windows, but now only three of them remain. Each window is said to represent something: First one represents the Underground (Uku-Pacha), the second is the Heavens (Hanan-Pacha) and the final one is The Present (Kay- Pacha). There are different theories as to the history of this structure, the version of the Spanish Conquerors and Folklore, both versions are contradictory. There was an inscription on the stones dated July 14, 1902, but where subsequently removed upon the arrival of Hiram Bingham.

Temple of The Three Windows
huayna picchu mountain

Huayna Picchu

The peak of Huayna Picchu rises over Machu Picchu, where the Urubamba River gently coils around it. It is at an elevation of 2 693m/8 835ft. The mountain is home to the breathtaking Temple of the Moon and adjacent to it is the Great Cavern made of fine masonry. The high priest and local virgins resided here. Its visitors are limited to 400 a day, during the only 2 time slots available each day. The hike is steep, with exposed sections on the pathway leading to the summit. It can get slippery, however certain section do offer steel cable for support. The view at the top gives you the most panoramic and spectacular views of Machu Picchu. Majority of the stunning pictures you find on postcards and social media are taken at the top of Huayna Picchu.

Sun Gate

The Sun Gate (2,720m/8,924ft), also known as Intu Punku, is perched on the hilltop overlooking the Great Citadel of Machu Picchu, located on one side of Machu Picchu Mountain. It is the first viewpoint of Machu Picchu and only people hiking the Inca Trail are privileged to the stunning views this vintage point provides. The Incas used it as a kind of control gate for the people entering and leaving the Inca City of Machu Picchu. Because of its remote and strategic location, it is believed that Machu Picchu only welcomed elite guests from the empire. It is a large place, with windows and doors supported by terraces. From the Sun Gateee you can see the entire City of Incas and the size and majesty of it simply takes your breath away.

Sun Gate
Intihuatana

Intihuatana

Intuhuatana is a large imposing stone carved directly into the bedrock of the mountain´s summit where MachuPicchu lier. The Incas believed the stone held the sun in its place along its annual path in the sky. The Spanish destroyes other Intuhuatana because they feared it would create a political liability due to its religious significance. Even as it stands today, it still feels like the stone radiates energy. 

Temple of the Sun

The temple of the sun is located in the religious sector in the Citadel of Machu Picchu. It is made of granite, inside is a natural cave that could have been a grave or mausoleum. There is a possibility that Pachacutec was buried here, he is the Inca Emperor that ordered the construction of Machu Picchu. Its shape is circular, which is very unusual in Inca Construction. The Temple played a vital role in religious practices. It is said to have been used to worship the sun by paying tribute and making offerings to the sun. It was an astronomical observatory to determine the arrival of the summer and winter solstice, as well as the change of seasons. In the center is an altar carved in rock for religious ceremonies. This sacred Temple of the Inca, is a holy place that radiates spiritually and divinity. 

Temple of the Sun
Temple of the Moon

Temple of the Moon

Temple of the Moon can be found at 390m/1280ft below the summit of Huayna Picchu. It is made of masonry stone, has an open face and a small cave opening. In the center is a throne carved out of rock, next to it are steps that descend deep into the cave.

This stone is said to hold mummies. The stone work depicts the 3 plains of Inca religion. Firstly, we find The Hunan Pacha (the heavens) represented by the great Condor, followed by The Kay Pacha (the earth or physical life) represented by the formidable Puma Cat and finally we get The Ukju Pacha (the underground) seen in a form of a snake. According to some travel guides, the temple has 6 levels built on top of each other over its 200-year span. There are many theories regarding its use. Some say it was used for the worship of Gods. While others concur that it was a royal tomb, place of worship and a look-out post. Another interesting theory is that it was sacrificial ground, because the Inca were not to make sacrifices to their Gods or it could also have been a ceremonial bathing complex. Whatever it was used for, it played a very important part in the life of the ancient Incas.

The trail from the summit of Huayna Picchu to the Temple is very hazardous and not suitable for people with vertigo or acrophobia.

Inca Bridge

The Inka Bridge is located on the western part of Machu Picchu. The hike takes about 30 minutes one way. It sits at an elevation of 2450m/8 038ft and is an easy hike. The bridge is made of wooden logs balanced by two stone walls. The path is made of stone, however at this particular point the Incas left a 20-foot gap, presumably to keep outsiders and enemies out. The foot drop is a staggering 1900 feet. If anyone fell from here, death was guaranteed. No one has actually fallen in recent history. This was a secret entrance for the Inca Army into Machu Picchu, so the need to keep other people out makes sense.  

The Incas were known for constructing many different bridges, this one in particular is a common bridge found in the Andes Mountains, the log and stick bridge. As time has progressed the Inca bridge has deteriorated and for safety reasons, hikers are no longer permitted to cross the bridge.

Inca Bridge
Guardhouse

Guardhouse

As the name states, it was an out building used by the guards to watch the two main entrances into Machu Picchu, also referred to as the Caretakers Hut. The two entrances include the Sun Gate in the South and end of the Vilcabamba Trail in the west. Modern ¨House of the Guardians¨ gives you the opportunity to take those famous postcard perfect pictures of the Great Machu Picchu. After hiking the Inca Trail, I also found the grounds around the building a great place to stretch my legs, enjoy the llamas and alpacas grazing lazily and just relax a bit before exploring the Majestic Machu Picchu.

Sacred Rock

The most fascinating thing about Ancient Incas is their belief in the sacred relationship between men and nature. They made sacrifices, like throwing coca leaves on the ground in order to communicate with the Gods of the Mountains (UPUS) among others. The sacred rock is a large rock, that stands at 3 meters high and 7 meters wide.

Although opinions differ on its shape, everyone seems to agree that there are similarities between its shape and the mountain peak behind it in the distance.  Its location in the ceremonial space, exactly on the northern part of the city and at the center of the two Huayranas, supports the idea this stone was used for worship. People that have touched the stone when it was still allowed, state that they felt the energy and spirit of Upus radiating from the rock. It is a very popular structure and is positioned near the entrance to Huayna Picchu.

Sacred Rock